The beverage which originally belongs to China and was discovered about 4000 years ago, Black Tea is one of the most common and the healthiest of beverages to consume in the day. Why is it so acclaimed and popular you ask? It is so because one single serving of black tea has antioxidants and other phytonutrients enough to flush out toxins and heal your body with a lot lower caffeine content than that of coffee itself.
Fun facts about black tea- Black tea is curated by oxidizing the leaf of the plant Camellia Saneness
Though called black for its color, Black tea is technically dark amber or orange in color; which is why it is called red tea in China and by the Chinese
Post plucking, the tea leaves are withered to release excess moisture and once the peak is reached, the leaves are rolled and sorted according to their size. The caffeine content in any tea is often a cause of concern, but when it comes to black tea, you need not worry about this!
A cup of Black tea has only about half the amount of caffeine than what is found in the same amount of coffee.
Where does it come from?
Black tea was first discovered in China in 1590, somewhat around the late Ming Dynasty and early Qing dynasty. Until its discovery, the Chinese would only drink green or oolong tea.
It is believed that the army men while passing through the Fujian province happened to seek shelter a tea factory which curbed the production of green/oolong tea. The tea leaves of the green/oolong tea dried off by the time the army men left which caused the factory workers and owners to explore ways to make use of the dried tea leaves and boom- the rest is history! Black Tea is natively known as Lapsing Slouching—lapsing means high mountains and Slouching means small leaves of the tea tree, or Hong Cha meaning Red Tea. It was only later that the British and Dutch traders named it what it is called today- Black Tea.
It was around in 1610 when the Dutch brought black tea to Europe, and only in 1658 did it enter England. As the tea picked popularity, the British started its cultivation in Darjeeling and Assam. In the day, however, a variety of it is grown in China and in India.
What are its types?
Amazingly enough, any tea can be made into black tea; be it green tea, yellow tea, white tea, oolong tea or whatever tea. What actually makes a difference, however, is the way tea is processed. Back in China, Black Tea is extracted only from Camellia Sinensis.
However, in India, it is produced from a different variety of tea plant called Camellia Assamica. The one from Camellia Assamica is known to have a stronger flavor and larger leaves against that of Camellia Sinensis.
A comprehensive list of Black Teas is given below-
- Lapsang Souchong
- Fujian Minhong
- Anhui Keemun
- Yunnan Dianhong
- Darjeeling Black Tea
- Assam Black Tea
- Ceylon Black Tea
- Nilgiri Black Tea
- Kenyan Black Tea
Black Tea on the basis of popular blends-
- Earl Grey Black Tea
- English Breakfast
- Irish Breakfast
- Chai Tea
- Afternoon Tea
- Rose Black Tea
- Russian Caravan
Let’s talk nutrition!
Black tea, primarily, is rich in antioxidants called polyphenols and has a very low composition of sodium, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Let’s talk benefits!
1Boosts Heart Health
As you would know, it is the human heart that ensures oxygen availability to the other body organs and cells by circulating the oxygenated blood and eliminating carbon dioxide from the organs and cells. For the same purpose, it is essential to keep one’s heart-healthy and active; and to facilitate so, there’s nothing like Black tea that does so! The natural properties of black tea, primarily because of the flavones, makes it a must-have beverage for a healthier and happier heart. It has been confirmed through studies that consuming at least 3 cups of black tea per day can minimize the risk of coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, ischemia, and cardiovascular mortality.